What do you mean by hard disk/floppy disk formatting? What are the two different types of formatting


Format means to prepare a storage medium for reading and writing. Formatting the hard disk creates sectors, tracks and places the file system on the hard disk so that operating system can store and retrieve data.

Formatting hard disk will delete all the data on the hard disk.

Types of Formatting

There are two types of the formatting.

1) High Level Formatting

It is a formatting method that initializes portion of the hard disk and creates the file system structure on the disk, such as the master boot record and the file allocation table. High Level Formatting prepares drive partition for the operating system by creating a root directory from which all other sub directories can be created including a file allocation table (FAT).

2) Low Level Formatting

It is formatting methods that create the tracks and sectors on a hard disk. Low Level formatting creates the physical format so low level format known as Physical Format.



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